In the second semester of chemistry, the properties and structure of the atom are used to explain macroscopic properties of various systems. First, the quantitative measurement and analysis techniques in relation to the mole are discussed. These techniques can be used to describe and analyze reactions that occur with gases and in water-based solutions. Reactions in gases and solutions make up the vast majority of reactions that occur in biological systems and other systems familiar to student’s daily lives. In addition, these reactions typically are accompanied by changes in energy; causing things to heat up or cool down during the course of the reaction. All of these aspects of chemical reactions and nuclear chemistry will be discussed in detail this semester.
Upon completing this course you will be able to:
- conduct laboratory experiments using safe, controlled, and ethical methods and practices.
- use the scientific method to answer testable questions about chemistry.
- use critical thinking, logical reasoning, and observational though process in order to make sound decisions inside and outside the classroom.
- understand the chemistry unit of the mole and use dimensional analysis to make predictions about reactions, the amount of product they can produce, and their efficiency.
- explain the behavior of gases and predict changes that occur in systems that contain a gas.
- explain how solutions work, the role of water in these solutions, and the various types of reactions that can take place in solution.
- explain and predict the changes in energy that can take place in a reaction and understand how that energy can affect their daily life.
- understand the process of nuclear decay, radiation, fission, and fusion.
Required Course Materials
- Interactive Notebook – In the form of a small composition notebook, a spiral notebook, or loose-leaf paper kept in a binder.
- Pencil or Pen – In order to do well in the course, you must take notes, sketch diagrams and graphs, and solve problems when instructed to do so.
- Internet Access
- Adobe Reader
- Purchasing a TI 84 plus, a TI 83 or similar is recommended.
Note: This course does not require a textbook.
Each semester contains 5 units and one final exam that must be taken in person.
Each Unit contains:
- 3–5 lessons. Each lesson includes some or all of the following components: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate.
- Self-assessments to help you check your own understanding of the material covered in each lesson. You must complete these assessments in order to advance in the course.
- 3–4 graded assignments
The final examination is comprehensive; it covers the material from all 8 units. To pass the course, you must receive a grade of 70 percent or better. You can apply to take the Final Exam after 100 percent of your graded assignments have been submitted, and at least 70 percent have been graded and returned to you.
Format: 50 multiple-choice questions
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Materials Allowed: #2 pencils, graphing or scientific calculator
Topic 6: The Mole and Stoichiometry
Topic 7: Solutions
Topic 8: Thermochemistry
Topic 9: Gases
Topic 10: Nuclear Chemistry